Punjab General Knowledge

Meaning of Punjab

The literal meaning of Punjab is land of five rivers. It is made of two words Punj (Five) + Aab (Water) i.e. land of five rivers. The region was named so due to the five rivers flowing through it and these five rivers are Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab, Jhelum. All these rivers are tributaries of Indus river. As of today, only two rivers Sutlej and Beas flow through Punjab state in India. Ravi flows partially in Punjab, mainly along the international boundry of India and Pakistan and then enters Pakistan.

Punjab = Punj + Aab
ਪੰਜਾਬ = ਪੰਜ + ਆਬ
Punjab used to be known as Sapat Sindhu before the arrival of Aryans in India. The word Sapat Sindhu means the land of seven rivers. These seven rivers were Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab, Jhelum, Saraswati and Sindhu. In Puranas and Mahabharata, it is named as Pancha-nada which means land of five rivers. During the rule of Mughals in India, the region was known with the name Suba-E-Lahore. Greeks referred to Punjab as Pentapotamia, which means an inland delta of five converging rivers.
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Nanakshahi Jantri April 2021

For a convenience of our readers, we are providing a complete Nanakshahi Jantri for the year 2021. If you want to know about the upcoming Gurpurabs in April 2021 or want to know about the dates of Sangrand, Puranmashi, Masya, Dasmi etc. then the following links are useful for you. To check the complete jantri, click on this link => Nanakshahi Jantri April 2021. Other important links related to desi calendar are given below:

Chief Ministers of Punjab

The current chief minister of Punjab is Capt. Amarinder Singh. He was the CM of Punjab from 2002 to 2007 also and it is his second term as the chief minister. The last elections held in 2017 were for the 15th Punjab Vidhan Sabha or Punjab Legislative Assembly and Captain Amarinder Singh of Congress formed the government with clear majority of 77 seats in a house of 117 members. Check this page for a complete list of chief ministers of Punjab.

Punjab Govt Holidays 2021

The year 2020 is about to end and the new year 2021 will start in a few days. For the convenience of our readers, we have updated our website with the list of govt holidays in Punjab in 2021. According to this list, there will be total 26 public holidays and 15 bank holidays in the state of Punjab during the year 2021. For a complete list of holidays, click on the following link:
Punjab Govt Holidays 2021
Bank Holidays 2021 Punjab

Punjab Vidhan Sabha

The Punjab Vidhan Sabha (Punjab Legislative Assembly) consists of 117 members. The tenure of the assembly is five years. The legislative assembly meets at Vidhan Bhavan, Sector 1, Chandigarh. The current governor of Punjab is VP Singh Badnore, who is a BJP leader from Rajasthan. The speaker of Punjab assembly is Rana Kanwar Pal Singh (Rana K.P Singh), who is MLA from Anandpur Sahib. Ajaib Singh Bhatti, the MLA from Malout constituency, is the deputy speaker. Capt. Amarinder Singh is the Chief Minister of Punjab, who is a Congress leader and MLA from Patiala urban seat.
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Population of Punjab

According to 2011 census, the total Population of Punjab is 2,77,43,338 i.e. two crore seventy seven lakh fourty three thousand three hunderd and thirty eight. This is 13.89% increase from the population in 2001. The population of Punjab in 2001 was 2,43,58,999 i.e. two crore fourty three lakh fifty eight thousand nine hundred and ninety nine.
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Villages In Punjab

In Punjab, majority of people live in villages. As per 2011 census, the rural population in the state is 1.73 crore which is 62.5% of the total population of the state. There are total 12581 inhabited villages in Punjab, according to the census 2011.
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Railway Routes In Punjab

The major railway routes in Punjab are Amritsar - New Delhi and Bathinda - Bikaner. Another important railway route is from Amritsar to Atari. Although this route is only about 24 Kms, but it is of high importance because Atari is the last railway station of India on Amritsar - Lahore (Pakistan) railway line. View a complete list of Railway Routes in Punjab.

Sikh Population in India

According to census of India 2011, the sikh population in India is 2.08 crore. The total population of India is 121 crore and hence the sikhs form 1.72% of the total population of India. Sikhism is the fourth largest religion in India after Hinduism, Islam and Christianity. The population of Sikhs in the state of Punjab is 1.6 Crore, which means that 76.82% of the total sikhs of India live in Punjab. To know more, you can read our page about sikh population in India.